Watercolor painting

Watercolor painting is one of the oldest and most popular painting methods and has fascinated artists for generations. It is the most common medium for painting in Far Eastern countries, such as China, Japan and Korea. Watercolors are very compact, easy to use and dry quickly, so they are considered a preferred medium for painting outdoors.

Child-friendly watercolors and also loved by adults, highly recommended for beginner painters. You should know the properties of watercolors and experience for yourself.


Facts and properties of watercolors

  • Watercolors, also called watercolors, consist of pigments, water and gum arabic for thickening and drying. They come in a solid state or with paint flickers, in addition there are water-soluble pencils and markers that can create a watercolor-like effect.
  • Watercolor paints are diluted using water only and spread easily. They dry quickly and the shade clears by about 50%. They can be melted again after drying.
  • Watercolors are the most transparent and delicate colors available, and several layers of paint are needed to achieve an opaque shade.
  • Watercolors are suitable for painting media and blend great with pastel, gouache and acrylic paints.
Watercolor painting

Emotional dimension and personal expression that allow watercolors

Working with watercolor paints requires skill, focus and inner discipline, alongside spontaneity in movements that result from excitement, release and breathing. Watercolor colors express airiness, lightness, movement, flow, light and transparency. They summon an aesthetic spiritual experience, through the connection created between body, emotion and thought.

Watercolor painting - Related equipment and materials

  • Painting bedding - Almost any type of surface (except water-repellent materials); Wall, cardboard, canvas, watercolor paper and more.
  • Painting pedestals - Depending on your preferred way of working; A table drawing for sitting or a standing painting for standing. Outdoor, nature or urban painting; A drawing board resting on the arm.
  • Color mediators - Brushes with soft fibers suffering from synthetic fibers. The size of the brush chosen depends on the size of the substrate and the painted image. The quality of the brushes is not significant because the brush hair that is torn off during painting can be easily removed from a dry painting. There are brushes with a built-in water tank ideal for painting in watercolor indoors or outdoors.
  • Color palette - It is recommended to dilute and mix watercolors in the plate with small dimples. Most solid water colors come with a convenient work surface.
  • Water spray - You can use water spray to wet the painting substrate before starting the painting or during the process.
  • Scotch tape - To delineate the boundaries of the painting. Not cellophane tape, but real paper, such that it can be easily removed from the painting substrate at the end of the work and give the painting a framed and aesthetic look.
In addition, you must be equipped withGlass jar To water and brush immersion, Fiber-free cloth Or absorbent paper for wiping the brushes.

How to use and the process of working with watercolors

Watercolor paints come in dry paint cubes inside flasks, dissolved in contact with water, or in damp paint tubes, which can be diluted with water or smeared directly on the painting substrate. In addition, watercolors can come in water-soluble pencils, which contain pigment or graphite that respond to moisture and humidity.

On a wet painting substrate, use In watercolor pencils Similar to the effect created by a brush. By using a damp brush on drawing in watercolor pencils, you can achieve the effect of watercolors. You can also spray with water spray Painting painted with water pencils for a watercolor painting effect. In addition, by wetting the pencil tip, the effect of a soft line with a uniform and strong shade can be achieved. Using a watercolor pencil while it is dry on a dry work surface, a product similar to painting with colored pencils will be obtained. 

When used with water, different levels of transparency can be created up to an opaque layer in watercolor paints. You can work in several layers to achieve complexity of color and texture. When the painting is finished with watercolor paints and dried, in order to protect the painting from moisture and weather damage, it is recommended to frame under opaque glass.

Watercolor painting tips and recommendations:

  • Before starting in color painting it is advisable to experiment with drawing. Knowledge in registration Is the basis for color painting and will help you achieve more compelling and accurate results. When you start a new drawing it is advisable to make an initial sketch drawing, this will make it very easy for you when you switch to color. When creating a sketch for drawing water on canvas, use a water-soluble pencil.
  • You should know the Principles of color theory, What are the primary colors and what are the complementary colors and how to treat them in painting. The knowledge will help you create the illusion of three-dimensionality and depth in color painting.
  • You should start with layers of light watercolor paint diluted with water. Gradually add darker and thicker layers of paint.
  • Working with watercolor paints requires skill in brush placement and the amounts of paint acquired with experience, as mechanical movements will make the paper cloudy and the paint stains will lose their luster.
  • It is recommended to mix the colors to the desired shade on a separate plate and only then apply in the painting. Used with colored water pencils the paint can be prepared on a separate piece of paper and wetted. It is recommended to use a knife to cut and scrape the paint from the pencil into a powder and then mix with water.
  • In order to create a different distribution of the paint layer, you can moisten the substrate and apply the paint. To erase a layer of paint, you can wet the painting substrate with water until the entire layer is removed.
  • To create a perfect circle with volume (illuminated at the front), you can paint the edges of a round vessel (drinking glass, bottle cap, etc.) with a thick watercolor paint, seal on a painting substrate, and with a clean and wet brush apply the paint to the face of the circle.
  • Used with oil pastel paints, a combined effect can be created, given the fact that oil and water do not blend. For example, a light oil in a pastel white oil color, on a balloon or ball in watercolor colors in different colors.
  • At the end of the painting with watercolors you can add and paint with black marker or soft pastel colors. Ideal for painting a background with watercolors and adding objects and contours using other colors.
  • Watercolor painting Suitable for painting outdoors, on roads and hiking. Watercolors come in a compact package, do not get dirty and dry quickly. When you go out to paint outdoors it is recommended to use a brush pen. This is a special brush that has a built-in tank for filling water and is therefore convenient to paint anywhere.

Painting studies at the Cherkov Studio in Givatayim - you are welcome to join:

Art workshops in a personal track - Painting, sculpture and drawing studies under the guidance of Alexander Cherkov for adults and young people, beginners and advanced. The studies are in a group setting with guidance and personal treatment for each participant.

Art workshops for children - Painting, sculpture and drawing studies under the guidance of Sophie Cherkov for children of primary school age, beginners and advanced. The studies in small groups with guidance and personal treatment for each participant.

Related posts about getting acquainted with painting materials:

Oil painting

Oil painting

Oil paints evoke a deep process and broad personal expression. Here is an explanation of oil paints; Composition and features, how to use, emotional dimension, tips and painting techniques with oil paints.

Painting in acrylic paints

Painting in acrylic paints

Acrylic paints are suitable for almost any surface. Here is an explanation of acrylic paints; Composition and features, how to use, emotional dimension, tips and techniques painting in acrylic paints.

Gouache painting

Gouache painting

The gouache colors are friendly and excellent for children. Here is an explanation of gouache colors; Composition and features, how to use, emotional dimension, tips and techniques painting in gouache.

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